The Houthis deny the alliance's launch of detained oil ships. Who is behind the oil derivatives crisis?

The Houthis deny the alliance's launch of detained oil ships. Who is behind the oil derivatives crisis?


The Houthis are ahead of religious and official events, in which they celebrate the motives of establishing sectarian identity, with crises in oil derivatives, domestic gas and other crises in food commodities, medicines and other essential population needs that have become a source of income. to the group through monopoly and the fabrication of repeated crises.

For the second month, areas under Houthi control are experiencing a crisis in gas and citizens are having great difficulty obtaining oil derivatives for vehicles and cars.

Local residents in Sana'a told Al-Masdar Online that the current home-gas derivatives and gas crisis is the longest in two years.

The price of a 20-liter oil bear reached 25,000 riyals, while the price of domestic gas cylinder reached 15,000 riyals, with varying prices between provinces and rural areas.

The citizens recalled this, to the Houthis' reliance on the large financial revenues from the sale of oil and gas on the black market at very high prices, to finance their celebration of the invasion of Sana'a, which approved September 21, in addition to the celebration of the prophet's birth, which the militias are making preparations for, This is particularly intense days, and the prophet's birth has become the most important event the group uses to enhance its presence and to enshrine its own ideas and beliefs.

Citizens in Sana'a said the crises always pre-empt sectarian celebrations and events, with militias raising money and royalties, and earning more money to finance sectarian events.

Houthis Justification

Houthi militias, the legitimate government and the Arab coalition, are accused of holding oil tankers at sea and preventing them from reaching the port of Hodeidah to empty their diverted areas.

Over the past weeks, the group has organized protests and demonstrations denouncing the detention of oil derivatives and the denial of access to Yemen, and has issued several statements through the oil company and its ministries in Sana'a, blaming the coalition and the government for the worsening crisis in oil derivatives.

The crisis comes against a backdrop of large availability of oil derivatives on the black market, which has seen great prosperity since the Houthis couped the government four years ago, and the group is reported to control the black market and is monopolized by high-ranking officials and leaders in its unrecognized authority.

Government action

The government and the coalition deny the accusations, and the government said on Monday that it had agreed to enter 10 ships loaded with oil derivatives, which the Houthi militia blocked their entry into the port of Hodeida and unloaded the derivatives.

In a statement issued by its foreign ministry, the government attributed the Houthis' suspension of the 10 ships to their efforts to thwart efforts to implement the Stockholm Agreement, and secondly to prevent traders from complying with the implementation of government resolution 49 for 2019, which aims to collect tax, customs and other legal revenues. It is allocated to pay the salaries of civilians in areas controlled by Houthi militias.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs confirmed that the government's permission to enter the 10 ships and unload their cargo, "an initiative that comes out of its keenness to accelerate the introduction of fuel shipments into Hodeidah, alleviate the suffering of citizens and improve the humanitarian situation in areas under the coup d'état militias, as well as in response to requests Specialized international organizations, in support of the international envoy's efforts to implement the Stockholm Agreement."

The statement, published by the state-run Saba agency at dawn on Tuesday, stressed the need to comply with the previous controls of the government's decision No. 75 for 2018, and the commitment of the traders who own edited the ten ships to pay cash for tax and customs fees and other legal returns in accordance with the circular Economic Committee No. 5 (under the supply portfolio issued by the Technical Office) to the Branch of the Central Bank of Yemen in Hodeidah and provide confirmed notices.

Houthis Denial

The Houthi group on Tuesday denied the government's announcement, denying in a statement issued by its oil company, the authenticity of the news circulated about the launch of oil derivatives ships held at sea, stressing that "the coalition of aggression continues to exercise its arbitrary measures."

The oil company explained that the false news of the release of 10 detained oil ships by some media affiliated with the mercenaries of aggression is a desperate attempt to mislead local and international public opinion, pointing out that the crime of detaining oil derivatives ships by the Alliance of Aggression and their mercenaries has become the talk of the whole world. It is the subject of public and official condemnation," it said.

The group's Red Sea Ports Department said late yesterday that ships declared to be allowed access to Hodeidah ports had not arrived, accusing the coalition and the government of spreading false news.

The group's leader, Ali Qashr, who is appointed by the Houthis as an undersecretary for Hodeidah province, said 120 facilities in the province are on their way to closure and there are deaths among patients due to the oil derivatives crisis.

"We still hope that the coalition forces will be aware of the disasters they have caused in Yemen, especially chronic diseases," he said in a telephone interview Wednesday evening with the Houthis' Al-Masirah channel.

"Al-Masdar Online" was not able to obtain a response from government agencies to the Houthis' announcement that the ships had not arrived until Wednesday evening at Hodeidah ports.

The problem

The problem is due to attempts by the Houthis and the government to control the file of oil derivatives and the process of importing them and collecting taxes and customs duties on them, in the context of the old renewed conflict and the dispute over the right of the Central Bank of Yemen to collect these funds and facilitate imports.

The escalation of the conflict comes after the legitimate government adopted resolutions over the past six months concerning the organization of the import of oil derivatives through its institutions, and some of its closest members for the import process. These decisions were met with counter-measures that imposed restrictions on traders and prevented them from dealing in accordance with the procedures and laws initiated by the government.

It also comes after the stalled economic consultations on port revenues, which are part of the implementation of the Swedish Agreement on Hodeidah, which is still in place, where un-sponsored consultations in Amman failed to reach a neutral economic vision on which the parties can agree on revenues and neutralize the economic aspect of the conflict.

On September 3, 2018, the Yemeni government issued Decree 75, as an attempt to regulate fuel imports.

The report of leading experts issued in late September said that the decree "can only be for fuel importers approved by the economic commission established by the government to import fuel into Yemen." These regulations are said to have "excluded many Houthi traders from importing fuel."

Last February, the United Nations criticized Government Decree 75, and during a Security Council briefing, the Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and emergency relief coordinator expressed concerns about the impact of Decree 75, which continues to disrupt commercial fuel imports, which are necessary for pumping water, maintaining the operation of hospital generators, among other important functions."

In recent months, the government has begun implementing its resolution No. 49 of 2019, which aims to collect taxes, customs and other legal revenues and allocate it to pay the salaries of civilians in areas controlled by Houthi militias, and the Houthis have pre-empted the measure by launching initiatives related to the United Nations has handed over the functions of port supervision and revenue and distributed in half in favor of the payment of salaries to staff in the areas under its control as well as the Government, as well as an initiative on the quantities of crude oil stored in the floating Safer ship and threatened to explode at any moment on the basis of their sale and divided by half.

The Panel of Experts of the Human Rights Council considers that the measures taken by the parties to the conflict have contributed to the exacerbation of the economic and humanitarian crisis.

"This is a man-made crisis," the report said. Many restrictive economic and logistical factors are driven not by the violent nature of the war but by the political decisions of the parties to the conflict."

The report noted that the Group of Experts is concerned that both the Government of Yemen and the de facto authorities have failed to meet their human rights obligations, noting that measures that prevent oil and gas access relate to the right to work, the right to a decent standard of living, including the right to food and the right to water. the right to health, all or one of them, is a violation of international and human law.

Yemen is experiencing the world's worst humanitarian crisis and famine, more than 80% of the population is dependent on foreign aid, and if the war continues for another two years, Yemen will become the poorest country in the world, according to a recent UN report.


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